Over the years, they helped thousands of slaves find their way to freedom—and Gragston, by his own estimate, assisted “way more than a hundred” and possibly as many as 300. The 40 or so years Jackson had spent in slavery were at an end. They also fled to other regions of British North America such as After this mass migration, Black Canadians helped build strong communities and contributed Not surprisingly, freedom produced the same bliss and relief for a number of Underground Railroad passengers. Il ny a pas de manière exaltante de dire ça. enslaved in Southern plantations reach freedom in the North. : […] Esclave née vers 1820 dans le comté de Dor […] 19ème siècle once enslaved in the US. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. She changed her name to Charity to avoid detection and rejoined her husband, but their reunion was tarnished by the knowledge that she was forced to leave two boys behind. Ces derniers n'étaient donc pas un refuge sûr pour les rescapés. “If he hadn’t been holding me, I think I would have fell backward into the river.”. They operated various businesses such as grocery stores, boutiques and hat shops, blacksmith shops, a saw company, an ice company, livery stables, pharmacies, herbal treatment services and carpentry businesses, as well as Toronto’s Hill’s correspondence with Still is suffused with the escaped slave’s profound joy in his new life. Chaque strophe se termine par une référence au Canada, considéré comme le pays « où les hommes de couleur sont libres ». temporary refuge could sometimes be identified by lit candles in windows or by strategically placed lanterns in the front yard. Il contraignit cependant les fonctionnaires des États libres à aider les chasseurs d'esclaves si des fugitifs se trouvaient dans la région, et leur garantissait l'immunité nationale lorsqu'ils exerceraient leur métier dans les États libres. Try an interactive exercise to witness the challenges enslaved people faced attempting to escape North. Lorsque Caesar, un esclave récemment arrivé de Virginie, lui propose de senfuir, elle accepte et tente, au péril de sa vie, de gagner avec lui les États libres du Nord. The Underground Railroad was not an actual railroad and it did not run on railway tracks. Those fears were well-founded. White and African-American "conductors" served as guides from place to place for freedom seekers. Ontario Black History SocietyInformative online resource about Black Canadian history and heritage. Henry, N., Underground Railroad (2020). Their communities were centres for abolitionist activities. Painting: Portraits of activists affiliated with the Underground Railroad. Les Églises également jouaient souvent un rôle, en particulier la Société religieuse des Amis (Quakers), les Congrégationalistes, les Wesleyens, et les Presbytériens Réformés ainsi que certaines sectes de la Mainline Church, telles que certaines branches de l'Église Méthodiste et de l'Église Baptiste américaine. Une fois arrivés à destination, de nombreux fugitifs étaient déçus. that there were free “Black men in red coats” in British North America. From indigo.ca. Although out of their jurisdiction, a few bounty hunters crossed the border into Canada to pursue escaped fugitives and return them to Southern owners. Part of that year’s grand legislative compromise aimed at halting the slide toward civil war, the law required federal marshals to capture escaped slaves in Northern free states and denied jury trials to anyone imprisoned under the act. Hammond remembered that $50 rewards were offered for their capture—one by Mrs. Davidson and one by the Anne Arundel sheriff, perhaps to protect himself from criticism for the role he played in aiding their escape in the first place. Plusieurs autres routes permettaient de se rendre au Mexique et à l'étranger. other public events, such as Emancipation Day celebrations, Black communities spoke out against the racial discrimination they faced and aimed to improve society for all. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students.