Naturalism attempts to apply the methods of the natural sciences to all other domains of knowledge, including the realm of consciousness. Warning of a "crisis" in European civilization based on rampant relativism and irrationalism (an alarm that the logical positivists were raising about the same time in Vienna), Husserl published his Krisis der Europäischen Wissenschaften (1937; Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology). Here’s a quick and simple definition:Some additional key details about point of view: 1. 2. Using resources both from the (largely neglected) early and classical phenomenological tradition and from contemporary approaches, the … save. Its fountainhead was Husserl, who held professorships at Göttingen and Freiburg im Breisgau and who wrote Die Idee der Phänomenologie (The Idea of Phenomenology) in 1906. For Husserl, constitution does not mean the creation or fabrication of a thing or object by a subject; it means the founding constitution of its meaning. One arrives at the phenomenological standpoint by way of a series of phenomenological "reductions," which eliminate certain aspects of our experience from consideration. Among other things, he heardWilhelm Wundt's lectures on philosophy. With the intentionality of the experiences there announces itself, rather, the essential structure of the purely psychical. Against any such relativism, Husserl insisted on philosophy as a singular, rigorous science, and his phenomenology was to provide the key. I used phenomenology in my bachelor thesis (but it’s a while ago :-) and your question prompted me to refer back to Phenomenological Psychology by Darren Langridge. Husserl distinguished between perceptual and categorical intuition and stated that the latter’s theme lies in logical relationships. Thus, one of the main themes of his next book, Logische Untersuchungen (1913, 1921; The Logical Investigations), was a protracted argument against "psychologism," the thesis that truth is dependent on the human mind. In its care for and interest in the world, consciousness transcends itself and attends to the world by a myriad of intentional acts, e.g., perceiving, remembering, imagining, willing, judging, etc.—hence Husserl’s claim that intentional consciousness is correlated (that is, co-related) to the world. I’m not dumb. Reason becomes naturalized. Transcendental subjectivity refers to consciousness as it is in itself. He gave credit to the German philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey, author of “Entwürfe zur Kritik der historischen Vernunft” (“Outlines for the Critique of Historical Reason”), for having developed a typification of worldviews, but he doubted and even rejected the skepticism that flows necessarily from the relativity of the various types. In this work Husserl wrestled with two unacceptable views: naturalism and historicism. What a philosopher must examine is the relationship between consciousness and Being, and in doing so, he must realize that from the standpoint of epistemology, Being is accessible to him only as a correlate of conscious acts. Understood in this way, phenomenology does not place itself outside the sciences but, rather, attempts to make understandable what takes place in the various sciences and thus to thematize the unquestioned presuppositions of the sciences. Phenomenology must overcome this split, he held, and thus help humanity to live according to the demands of reason. Pages 6. Thus Husserls understanding that all consciousness is intentional in the sense. In view of the fact that reason is the typical characteristic of humans, humankind must find itself again through phenomenology. In this regard, only a being can know his Being because he is consciousness to his Being by his being. 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