saint aloysius gonzaga

[2] His name was changed to "Robert" before his death, in honor of his confessor. His eyes were fixed on the crucifix he held in his hands, and as he tried to pronounce the name of Jesus he died. [10] Aloysius is also the patron of Valmontone, a town in Lazio. Aloysius still wanted to become a priest, but several members of his family worked hard to persuade him to change his mind. Tylenda tells the story, "When the two Jesuits came to his side, they noticed a change in his face and realized that their young Aloysius was dying. [3] He was the son of Ferrante de Gonzaga (1544–1586), Marquis of Castiglione, and Marta Tana di Santena, daughter of a baron of the Piedmontese Della Rovere family. Aloysius had another vision and told several people that he would die on the Octave of the feast of Corpus Christi. But the man was infected with the plague. It had been an operating parish church until 2016. As Fr. You can use this novena to seek intercession from this holy Jesuit in your life! Aloysius was shocked by the violent and frivolous lifestyle he encountered there. Gonzaga University is a Roman Catholic university which also has St. Aloysius Gonzaga Church on its campus, which is overseen by the diocese of Spokane. Learn more about his life. She described him as radiant in glory because of his "interior works," a hidden martyr for his great love of God.[12]. His attributes are a lily, referring to innocence; a cross, referring to piety and sacrifice; a skull, referring to his early death; and a rosary, referring to his devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary.[4]. His father was a famous condottiere, a mercenary soldier. [6] After reading a book about Jesuit missionaries in India, Aloysius felt strongly that he wanted to become a missionary. Not long after Aloysius' death, on his feast day in 1608, the three daughters of his brother, Rodolfo, established a community of women dedicated to education, under the formal name of the Noble Virgins of Jesus. The first words St. Aloysius spoke were the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary. The family was called to Spain in 1581 to assist the Holy Roman Empress Maria of Austria. When the church was dedicated in 1859, The New York Times wrote, "In internal architectural beauty, it is said not to be surpassed by any church in the world. [14], St. Aloysius Gonzaga Church on the campus of Gonzaga High School in Washington, D.C., is used for graduation ceremonies of the high school. In art, St Aloysius is shown as a young man wearing a black cassock and surplice, or as a page. Gonzaga College High School is a Catholic college preparatory school for boys in grades 9–12. His head was later translated to the basilica bearing his name in Castiglione delle Stiviere. His father was a famous condottiere, a mercenary soldier. Aloysius was noted for his asceticism and quickly volunteered to care for the sick and dying at a Jesuit hospital when plague broke out in Rome. Direct na zijn dood werd Aloysius al als een heilige beschouwd. He grew up in a very wealthy family. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Aloysius-Gonzaga, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Saint Aloysius Gonzaga. "Aloysius" is the Latin form of Aloysius de Gonzaga's given name in Italian, Luigi. [7] He started practicing by teaching catechism classes to young boys in Castiglione in the summers. Aloysius Gonzaga is also celebrated in a small south Italy town called Alezio, as a patron of the town, celebrated on June 21. Saint Aloysius received military training, but his father also provided him with an excellent classical education, sending him and his brother Ridolfo to Florence to study while serving at the court of Francesco I de Medici. St. Aloysius Gonzaga, (born March 9, 1568, Castiglione delle Stiviere, Republic of Venice [Italy]—died June 21, 1591, Rome; canonized 1726; feast day June 21), Italian Jesuit and patron saint of Roman Catholic youth. By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Benedict of Nursia, Patron Saint of Europe, Saint Ephrem the Syrian, Deacon and Doctor of the Church, St. Mary Magdalene, Patron Saint of Women, Biography of Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Angels, The Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Introduction to the Catholic Religion: Beliefs, Practices and History, John Chrysostom, the Golden-Tongued Preacher, M.A., Political Theory, Catholic University of America, B.A., Political Theory, Michigan State University. Shortly thereafter, Saint Aloysius conceived of the idea of joining the Jesuits and becoming a missionary. Several buildings and institutions in Spokane, Washington, are named after Gonzaga. In July 1584, a year and a half after the Infante's death, the family returned to Italy. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [8] His family's attempts to dissuade him failed; Aloysius was not interested in higher office and still wanted to become a missionary. In 1926, he was named patron of all Christian youth by Pope Pius XI. "[citation needed]. Saint Aloysius Gonzaga. In February and March 1588, he received minor orders and started studying theology to prepare for ordination. [16] In the work The Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Fr. He had considered joining the Capuchins, but he had a Jesuit confessor in Madrid and decided instead to join that order. Pious legend has it that Saint Aloysius's first words were the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, and his last word was the Holy Name of Jesus. [11] The Carmelite mystic St. Maria Magdalena de Pazzi claimed to have had a vision of him on 4 April 1600. In November 1585, Aloysius gave up all rights of inheritance, which was confirmed by the emperor. His tomb is located at the altar on the right side, a … St. Aloysius Gonzaga took that risk! His mother and his tutor were less pleased with the vocabulary he picked up there.[5]. His father wanted him to be a soldier “just like him!” In fact, at the age of 4 years old, he began his training as a soldier and a courtier (a person who works as an advisor or companion to the king or queen). In his short life, he burned brightly for Christ, which is why Pope Benedict XIII named him the patron saint of youth at his canonization on December 31, 1726. Zijn hoofd werd later naar de Aloysius-basiliek in Castiglione delle Stiviere overgebracht. Shortly before his ordination, he contracted the disease himself and died at age 23. He grew up amid the violence and brutality of Renaissance Italy and witnessed the murder of two of his brothers. The Jesuits opened a hospital for the stricken, and Aloysius volunteered to work there. While he was ordained a deacon at the age of 20, he never became a priest. Omissions? When it became clear that the boy was intent on being a priest, his family tried to convince him to become a secular priest and, later, a bishop, so that he could receive his inheritance. St. Aloysius Gonzaga was an Italian saint who lived in the 1500s. Gonzaga College is a Jesuit Secondary School for boys in Dublin, Ireland. Aloysius was buried in the Church of the Most Holy Annunciation, which later became the church of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (Sant'Ignazio) in Rome. In Florence, Saint Aloysius found his life turned upside down when he became ill with a kidney disease, and, during his recovery, he devoted himself to prayer and the study of the lives of the saints. While there, Aloysius lifted a man out of his sickbed, tended to him, and brought him back to his bed. Leonardtown is the seat of St. Mary’s County, where the first major Catholic settlement in the Thirteen Colonies was established in the 17th century by the Jesuit order. However, in 1585 he resigned his inheritance and social status and entered the Society of Jesus (the Jesuit order) at Rome, where one of his spiritual directors was the renowned theologian St. Robert Bellarmine. He died while caring for those suffering from an epidemic. In addition to the kidney disease, he also suffered from a skin disease, chronic headaches and insomnia. He has written about Catholicism for outlets including Humanitas and Catholic Answers Magazine. Reeds 14 jaar na zijn dood werd hij door paus Paulus V zalig verklaard. Saint Aloysius' feast day is celebrated on 21 June, the date of his death. As the first-born son, he was in line to inherit his father's title and status of Marquis. While he was ill, he spoke several times with his confessor, the cardinal and later saint, Robert Bellarmine. In 1726 werd hij samen met Stanislaus Kostka door paus Benedictus XIII heilig verklaard. They arrived in Madrid in March 1582, where Aloysius and Rodolfo became pages for the young Infante Diego. St. Aloysius Gonzaga was born Luigi Gonzaga on March 9, 1568 in Castiglione delle Stiviere, Northern Italy, between Brescia and Mantova. This community still exists, although as of 2012[update] it is currently reduced to two members. In 1590, Saint Aloysius, suffering from his kidney problems and other ailments, received a vision of the Archangel Gabriel, who told him that he would die within a year. For his compassion and courage in the face of an incurable disease, Aloysius Gonzaga has become the patron both of AIDS sufferers and their caregivers. John Croiset mentions St. Aloysius' devotion to the Sacred Heart. He was a member of the Jesuit religious order. Aloysius had not yet received his First Communion, so the cardinal administered it to him. "[10], Purity was his notable virtue. While he was ill, he took the opportunity to read about the saints and to spend much of his time in prayer. Eventually he was allowed to care for the sick, but only at another hospital, called Our Lady of Consolation, where those with contagious diseases were not admitted. It is said that, later that year, he had a vision in which the Archangel Gabriel told him that he would die within a year. His father was adamantly opposed to the idea, both because he wanted his son to follow in his footsteps as a condottiere, and because, by becoming a Jesuit, Aloysius would give up all rights to inheritance. Aloysius grew ill and was bedridden by 3 March 1591, a few days before his 23rd birthday. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1729, Pope Benedict XIII declared Aloysius de Gonzaga to be the patron saint of young students. He went to Rome and, because of his noble birth, gained an audience with Pope Sixtus V. Following a brief stay at the Palazzo Aragona Gonzaga, the Roman home of his cousin, Cardinal Scipione Gonzaga, on 25 November 1585 he was accepted into the Society of Jesus in Rome. St. Aloysius Gonzaga was born Luigi Gonzaga on March 9, 1568 in Castiglione delle Stiviere, Northern Italy, between Brescia and Mantova. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the time, many of the younger Jesuits had become infected with the disease, and so Aloysius's superiors forbade him from returning to the hospital. He also repeatedly visited the houses of the Capuchin friars and the Barnabites located in Casale Monferrato, the capital of the Gonzaga-ruled Duchy of Montferrat where the family spent the winter. [9] On that day, 21 June 1591, he seemed very well in the morning, but insisted that he would die before the day was over. In 1589, he was called to Mantua to mediate between his brother Rodolfo and the Duke of Mantua. Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. [6] Aloysius started thinking in earnest about joining a religious order. At the age of 17, he was accepted into the Jesuit novitiate in Rome; at the age of 19, he took vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience. He was sent to Milan for studies, but after some time he was sent back to Rome because of his health.

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