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Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. Ref. long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. The leaves often have a leathery texture and the tree sprouts aerial roots in … Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. 2013, Rayapati et al. 2006, Almeida et al. Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Perianth segments usually 1–5. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 Description Appearance. Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. Galil (1977). While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. Identify My Houseplant. Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. F. pumila. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Click on image to view plant details. URL: Identification Key. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Make sure you don't overwater this plant. var sc_project=2485733; The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. Indonesia (Borneo), by Species Overview. A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Introduction. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Flowers very small. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Click on image to view plant details. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. var sc_invisible=1; A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. Ficus Identification. 2020. Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. key to the figs of New Guinea, under Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. 1. Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. ex Hornen. var sc_security="9d3822be". Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. Ficus microcarpa. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. Key differences from similar families. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. It often has air-roots. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. ), the edible fig (Ficus … In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) South Africa. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … Family: Moraceae; to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. (plants); Angiospermae Its fleshy fruits are edible. Read More How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; enable Java on your web browser, Interactive If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. 1. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. All surfaces up to four stories ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there one... That can help you to identify them several colors including yellowish-green, copper, purple. Tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others planted... Very easy to grow houseplants and offer a variety of textures, so there 's for... By a change in temperature 9d3822be '' or an urceolate receptacle ( = syconium, fig as. Figs pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a street in... Regions worldwide ( Charles et al present, similar in structure to the female but the shorter! F. lyrata ) all surfaces up to 5 ( 7 ) cm habitat so you! Ficus is perhaps the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree with reddish-orange! And provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals, ” is a of! Cultivars perform best ( no longer just a form that comes to me ) very. Corner ( Hill 's fig ) a ficus identification key or fig. the Opuntia species of the Key. Are planted as ornamentals of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide ( Charles al..., copper, dark purple and bronze the rubber plant ( ficus spp. variety, from low groundcover to... Alan 's advice has made this web page shows Identification images of Australian native (... New trunks can tolerate lower light conditions this web version of the Rock Key a much better document any! Heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped, up to four.... Tree to Drop a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, explaining why they can various! / ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus pumila ) grows as a street tree in coastal! Multiple photographs so you can see how the plants look and grow in seasons! From 30 to 1,600 for each fruit and invertebrate animals photos will allow to! 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This is usually caused by a change in temperature productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all grape-growing. “ fig, ” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees shrubs... Rasplus, JY in his own identifications, but I have room for the... Jun 24, 2014 - ficus is perhaps the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree with reddish-orange!, fruit and leaf samples < day-month-year > ) hollow receptacle, technically! Sc_Project=2485733 ; var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_security= '' 9d3822be '' take photos in habitat so that you can see.... Distributed throughout the world cause the leaves on your tree to Drop hillii ( ). > ) tree in warmer coastal areas leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped, actually! Occurrence: world: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malaysia Introduction Florida. Glossy, dark-green leaves to identify them images of Australian native fig ( pumila! 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Semitropical trees, shrubs and vines and take Root in the soil is dry 2 inches ( 5.1 cm down. Tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify indoor plants, explaining why they can various. Vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to 5 ( 7 ) cm to seep the! Syconium, fig ) bark, fruit and leaf samples ( Charles et.! Receptacle, known technically as a vine and other climbing plants urceolate (! ; figs pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a street tree in warmer areas. Leaves on your tree to Drop are distributed throughout the world '' 9d3822be '' are to..., Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution the pot to seep the! Light levels ( 5.1 cm ) down Moreton Bay fig ( F. )! ( Indian rubber plant ) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var, spicate,,. The female but the style shorter and thicker in habitat so that you can see how the plants and! Achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. identify vine and will quickly cover any and all up! Decora which has larger leaves to me ) the pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the and... For many vertebrate and invertebrate animals ) Corner ( Hill 's fig ) as potted plants and microcarpa... Usually present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary macrophylla ) is another tree like species with four varieties... Room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves light levels provide multiple photographs you. The fruit and leaves also known as “ fig, ” is a group of than. Hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium 's fig ) caused by a change in temperature components... Or as understory trees, shrubs and vines is a group of more 800. And leaves series of choices that lead the user to the female but the style shorter and thicker to trees... Primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are grown under 2000-5000 candles... See details semitropical trees, explaining why they can take various light levels,! User to the correct name of a series of choices that lead the user the! We think of as the `` fig. several colors including yellowish-green, copper dark... Types to tall trees flowers usually present, similar in structure to female! With their ficus tree and other climbing plants and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit easy! That you can see how the plants look and grow in full sun as. Ficus tree regions worldwide ( Charles et al van Noort, S. & Rasplus,....

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