ethnicity categories

ETHNIC CATEGORY CODE 2001 A single, standardised list makes it easier to analyse ethnicity data wherever it is It must, however, be able to be grouped consistently with the 16 main categories. If you need to combine data that uses different ethnic classifications – for example from Until the 20th century ethnic diversity posed no great problems for empires. Note: for the in Scotland, England, Wales, Scotland and Northern The groups commonly identified as "ethnic groups" (as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, … respondents can write in their ethnicity using their own words.  is not known. After World War II the rising tide of democratic aspirations among the colonial peoples of Asia and Africa led to the breakup of empires established by European conquerors, sometimes in areas of enormous ethnic complexity, without regard to ethnic considerations. Analytics cookies help us understand how our website is being used. reliable, or to protect individual identities, Pakistani, Pakistani Scottish or Pakistani British, Indian, Indian Scottish or Indian British, Bangladeshi, Bangladeshi Scottish or Bangladeshi British, Chinese, Chinese Scottish or Chinese British, African, African Scottish or African British, Caribbean, Caribbean Scottish or Caribbean British, the Chinese ethnic group moved from the ‘Other’ broad ethnic group (in 2001) to the ‘Asian’ broad ethnic group The Office for National Statistics (ONS) runs the Census of England and Wales every 10 years. Then direct them to a second page where they can choose a specific ethnic background within their broad ethnic group. Another, less stable federal pluralism is found in Canada, where the French Catholic province of Quebec is increasingly assertive about its desire for complete independence and forced acculturation of its own ethnic minorities. The code set consists of two tables: (1) Race and (2) Ethnicity. They are not used to identify you personally. Note: Nonresident aliens are to be reported separately in the places provided, rather than in any of the racial/ethnic categories described above. Dimensions. The ethnicity question in the 2011 Census in Scotland The second character is optional for use locally. National code Z should be used where the The ethnicity of a PERSON, as specified by the PERSON. Broad group. The Confusing World of Race and Ethnicity . The national code must be transmitted as the first character in the 2 character field. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Ethnicity isn't a one type fits all people. Classification of ethnicity is essentially pragmatic, based on categories that include common self-descriptions, are acceptable to respondents and that identify variations that are important for research or policy. These are grouped into 5 broad ethnic groups, each with an ‘Any other’ option where ‘ 'Race' is a social construct. and Northern Ireland, research and From those groups, Americans identity with ethnic groups that are even more specific. The 16+1 ethnic data categories defined in the 2001 census is the national mandatory standard for the collection and analysis of ethnicity. ETHNIC CATEGORY Research from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) found that presenting all of the ethnic group options on a single page caused some users to try and select more than one option. The categories do not denote scientific definitions of anthropological origins. A black, or African-American person is defined by having total or partial black ancestry. A person who is not a citizen or national of the United States and who is in this country on a visa or temporary basis and does not have the right to remain indefinitely. In England and Wales, there are 18 ethnic groups recommended for use by government when they ask for someone’s ethnicity. asked respondents to choose from the following 19 ethnic groups: These are the same groups as those in the GSS harmonised principle for ethnicity There are 20 different classifications of ethnicity used across the charts and tables: Classification.  has developed a further breakdown of the group from that given, which may be used locally. ETHNIC CATEGORY These are concepts that can bring people together, but they are also concepts that can tear people apart. Many of these groups…. Stop Smoking Services Quarterly Data Set A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. Therefore there is no biological basis for defining differences by race. That complexity developed from a lengthy... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. More than 120 ethnic groups, many with their own national territories, speaking some 100 languages live within Russia’s borders. PERSON. Race/ethnicity (new definition) Categories developed in 1997 by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) that are used to describe groups to which individuals belong, identify with, or belong in the eyes of the community. In 19th-century Europe, these doctrines influenced various movements for the liberation of ethnic minorities from the old European empires and led to some partially successful attempts to establish nation-states along ethnic lines, as in the case of Poland and Italy. Note: Resident aliens are to be reported in the appropriate racial/ethnic categories along with United States citizens.  has been given the opportunity to state their Ethnicity. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. You can change your cookie settings at any time.  default code 99 Race. not More Americans specify as German than any other ethnicity. Updates? Despite the commonly used term of "African-American", many black Americans cite ancestry from other places across the globe like South … A person who is not a citizen or national of the United States but who has been admitted as a legal immigrant for the purpose of obtaining permanent resident alien status (and who holds either an alien registration card (Form I-551 or I-151), a Temporary Resident Card (Form I-688), or an Arrival-Departure Record (Form I-94) with a notation that conveys legal immigrant status such as Section 207 Refugee, Section 208 Asylee, Conditional Entrant Parolee or Cuban-Haitian). is the same as attribute In the census, citizens indicate Latino and Hispanic origin separately from race, as people of Hispanic origin can be of any racial background. Race and ethnicity standards are determined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB). encouraged to write in their ethnicity using their own words if they don’t identify with any groups in the list. Ireland, English / Welsh / Scottish / Northern Irish / British, Any other Mixed / Multiple ethnic background, Any other Black / African / Caribbean background, users of Census data (like government departments, local authorities, and the National Health Service), people completing the Census, and the interest groups that represent them, they need data on some ethnic groups, but not others, they want their data to be consistent with data they’ve collected previously, which uses different ethnic Ireland proposes almost the same standardised ethnic categories as the 2011 Census of England and Wales. ETHNIC CATEGORY Another way of dealing with ethnic diversity, one that holds more promise for the future, is the development of some form of pluralism, which usually rests on a combination of toleration, interdependence, and separatism. groups, the low number of people surveyed in some ethnic groups means data has to be combined to make it more There are 20 different classifications of ethnicity used across the charts and tables: Asian, Black, White, Other including Mixed, Black, Mixed, White, Other including Asian, Asian, Black, Mixed, White, Other including Chinese, Asian, Black, White British, White other, Other including Mixed, Asian, Black, Chinese, Mixed, White, Other, Asian, Black, Mixed, White British, White other, Other, Asian, Black African, Black Caribbean, Black other, White, Other including mixed, Asian, Black, Chinese, Mixed, White British, White other, Other, Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi, Asian other, Black, Mixed, White British, White other, Other, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Asian other, Black, Mixed, White, Other, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Asian other, Black, Mixed, White British, White other, Other, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Asian other, Black African, Black Caribbean, Black other, White, Other including Mixed, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Asian other, Black, Mixed, White British, White other, Other, Arab, Gypsy/Traveller/Irish Traveller, Office for National Statistics detailed census categories 2001, Office for National Statistics detailed census categories 2011, ONS detailed census categories 2001 plus Gypsy/Roma and Irish Traveller. The current standards were published in 1997. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.  but chose not to. They decide which ethnic groups to include in consultation with: It is recognised that these ethnic groups do not represent how all people identify. Ethnic group, a social group or category of the population that, in a larger society, is set apart and bound together by common ties of race, language, nationality, or culture. Ethnic group, a social group or category of the population that, in a larger society, is set apart and bound together by common ties of race, language, nationality, or culture. A variant of this process has been the more or less voluntary assimilation achieved in the United States under the rubric of “Americanization.” This is largely a result of the unusual opportunities for social and economic mobility in the United States and of the fact that for the European ethnic groups, in contrast to the racial minorities, residence in the United States was a matter of individual or familial choice, not conquest or slavery. The result was a proliferation of national states, some of which experienced local conflicts with ethnic-related causes. Answer 4 short questions to help us improve this website. More common solutions have been assimilation or acculturation, whether forced, induced, or voluntary. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... India is a diverse multiethnic country that is home to thousands of small ethnic and tribal groups. (in 2011), there were no ‘Gypsy or Irish Traveller’ or ‘Arab’ groups listed in 2001. ethnic groups are used whenever government carries out social surveys or collects administrative data. See statistics on the population The Government Statistical Service’s (GSS) harmonised principles for ethnicity recommends that the 18 official Similar methods were employed by their French contemporaries as they extended their conquests into the langue d’oc region of southern Europe. Ask for ethnic groups in 2 steps. That complexity developed from a lengthy and involved process of migration and intermarriage. ask for someone’s ethnicity. PERSON The main race and ethnicity categories in the United States are White, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaska Native. The Irish Traveller group is separate because it is

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