The Polaris Protocol

HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Coffee and Doughnuts are donated by the event’s sponsor Bronson & Guthlein Funeral Home. L'ours rentre en sa caverne. Signet Classics, NY, 1987. p. 725. Fahnestock and MacAfee, based on Wilbour. The first official game of more, On February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican-American War in favor of the United States. Grundsow Lodges in Pennsylvania Dutch Country in the southeastern part of the state celebrate them as well. Groundhog Day has its roots in the ancient Christian tradition of Candlemas, when clergy would bless and distribute candles needed for winter. The earliest mention of Groundhog Day is an entry on February 2, 1840, in the diary of James L. Morris of Morgantown, in Pennsylvania Dutch Country, according to the book on the subject by Don Yoder. Also known as woodchucks, groundhogs belong to a group of large ground squirrels known as marmots. Other contemporaries of Freas (his colleagues at the paper and fellow-members of the club, etc.) The candles represented how long and cold the winter would be. The groundhog, badger/bear, and hedgehog are all noted as paralleling each other. Groundhogs, also called woodchucks and whose scientific name is Marmota monax, typically weigh 12 to 15 pounds and live six to eight years. ", "Groundhog Day History from Stormfax® 2016", Groundhog Day forecasts and climate history. [60] "Daks Day" (from the German dachs) is Groundhog Day in the dialect of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Germans expanded on this concept by selecting an animal–the hedgehog–as a means of predicting weather. According to tradition, if the bugs have more orange than black coloring in autumn, the upcoming winter will be mild. It employs a taxidermic specimen (stuffed woodchuck). But woolly bear caterpillars aren’t the best prognosticators, either: While their bands may vary from year to year, researchers have found the variation is due to last year’s weather, not the upcoming winter. [30][18], Clymer Freas (1867–1942)[l] who was city editor at the Punxsutawney Spirit is credited as the "father" who conceived the idea of "Groundhog Day". [34], Either way, the Punxsutawney Groundhog Club was formed in 1899, and continued the hunt and "Groundhog Feast", which took place annually in September. For the film, see, "Of course everybody knows that February 2 is groundhog day. [59], Due to Nova Scotia's Atlantic Time Zone, Shubenacadie Sam makes the first Groundhog Day prediction in North America. [43] Fans of Punxsutawney Phil awaited his arrival starting at 6:00 a.m., thanks to a live stream provided by Visit Pennsylvania. Also styled H. C. Freas, H. Clymer Freas, or Clymer H. Freas. [22], There did exist a belief among Roman Catholics in Britain that the hedgehog predicted the length of winter, or so it has been claimed, but without demonstration of its age, in a publication by the Scotland-born American journalist Thomas C. MacMillan in 1886,[19] and American writer/journalist Samuel Adams Drake's book published in 1900.[23][h]. This article is about the American tradition. When he arrived they found actors, actresses and studio executives rummaging more, In response to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin’s proposal that President Harry S. Truman travel to Russia for a conference, Secretary of State Dean Acheson brusquely rejects the idea as a “political maneuver.” This rather curious exchange was further evidence of the diplomatic more. Beyond Punxsutawney: Meet the Other Groundhogs. - Hugo, Victor. Some books attribute this positively to Clymer Freas. The Germans already had a tradition of marking Candlemas (February 2) as "Badger Day" (Dachstag), where if a badger emerging found it to be a sunny day thereby casting a shadow, it foreboded the prolonging of winter by four more weeks. [57], Elsewhere in the American South, the General Beauregard Lee makes predictions from Lilburn, Georgia (later Butts County, Georgia). In The Thomas R. Brendle Collection of Pennsylvania German Folklore, Brendle preserved the following lore from the local Pennsylvania German dialect: Wann der Dachas sei Schadde seht im Lichtmess Marye, dann geht er widder in's Loch un beleibt noch sechs Woche drin. [35], In Southeastern Pennsylvania, Groundhog Lodges (Grundsow Lodges) celebrate the holiday with fersommlinge,[46] social events in which food is served, speeches are made, and one or more g'spiel (plays or skits) are performed for entertainment. [40], The largest Groundhog Day celebration is held in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, where crowds as large as 40,000 gather each year[41] (nearly eight times the year-round population of the town). He resides in Marion, Ohio. In addition, Phil always predicted correctly six more months of political gridlock. [78], Similarly in Germany, on the 27 June, they recognize the Seven Sleepers' Day (Siebenschläfertag). The lodge members were the "genesis" of the Groundhog Club formed later, which continued the Groundhog Day tradition. Lewenau, Joseph Arnold Ritter von (1823). More than 100,000 people attend the town’s Woollybear Festival, held every fall since 1972. [33], The Groundhog Day celebrations of the 1880s were carried out by the Punxsutawney Elks Lodge. From his first appearance in 2012 to 2018, Phil's spring predictions invariably agreed with those of the more lively Punxsutawney Phil, who made his predictions half an hour earlier. [67] Most assessments of Phil's accuracy have given accuracy lower than would be expected with random chance, with Stormfax Almanac giving an estimate of 39%,[68] and meteorologist Tim Roche of Weather Underground giving a 36% accuracy rate between 1969 and 2016 (a range chosen because local weather data was most reliable from 1969 onward) and a 47% record in that time span when predicting early spring. [79] It was traditionally believed that, if it rained on that day, it would rain for the next 40 days and nights. [64][o], Wiarton Willie forecasts annually from Wiarton, Ontario.[65]. During his career, the prolific performer appeared in more than 50 movies, including “Capote,” more, One week after toppling the regime of Ugandan leader Milton Obote, Major General Idi Amin declares himself president of Uganda and chief of the armed forces. Amin, head of the Ugandan army and air force since 1966, seized power while Obote was out of the country.

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