Gary Carter

The peoples had a trading network spanning the continent from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. Mississippi is the leading producer in the world of pond-raised catfish. [112], The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Mississippi's total state product in 2010 was $98 billion.

English, Scottish and Scots-Irish are generally the most under-reported ancestry groups in both the South Atlantic States and the East South Central States.

The state's name is derived from the Mississippi River, which flows along and defines its western boundary. [130], As of December 2018, the state's unemployment rate was 4.7%, the seventh highest in the country after Arizona (4.9%), Louisiana (4.9%), New Mexico (5.0%), West Virginia (5.1%), District of Columbia (5.4%) and Alaska (6.5%). Ninety percent of the Delta bottomlands were still frontier and undeveloped. Due to seasonal flooding, possible from December to June, the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers and their tributaries created a fertile floodplain in the Mississippi Delta. This article is about the U.S. state. It also repealed the segregationist-era poll tax in 1989.

European-American settlers named it after the Ojibwe word misi-ziibi (English: Great river). But, it appears mostly to reflect those residents who have chosen to identify as more than one race, who in earlier years may have identified by just one ethnicity. The same survey also found that 11% of the population were non-Religious. There was no such thing as left and right shoe. Liberty, Mississippi was the first U.S. town to build a Confederate monument. 42. Before the war the most successful planters, such as Confederate President Jefferson Davis, owned riverside properties along the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers in the Mississippi Delta. With large areas of agriculture and rural towns, Mississippi frequently ranks low among states in measures of health, education, and development, and high in measures of poverty. 20 Interesting Facts About Mississippi The awesome State of Mississippi is popular for its southern charm, divergent and amazing assemblage of varied cultures, geographic segments, and social class. 17 Interesting Facts About Mérida, Mexico, 10 Interesting Facts About Saint Petersburg (Russia). By 1882, levees averaged seven feet in height, but many in the southern Delta were severely tested by the flood that year. On April 25, 1866, women in Columbus decorated the graves of both the Confederate and Union soldiers in … [122], Blacks cleared land, selling timber and developing bottomland to achieve ownership.

The forced migration of the Choctaw, together with other southeastern tribes removed as a result of the Act, became known as the Trail of Tears. Girls, particularly blondes, would wake up to find that their hair had been cut, or shaved in some cases. [90], Public opinion polls have consistently ranked Mississippi as the most religious state in the United States, with 59% of Mississippians considering themselves "very religious".

Mississippi's capital city is Jackson, which is also its largest city. Many slaveholders brought enslaved African Americans with them or purchased them through the domestic slave trade, especially in New Orleans. It has some major automotive factories, such as the Toyota Mississippi Plant in Blue Springs and a Nissan Automotive plant in Canton. As another agricultural depression lowered cotton prices into the 1890s, numerous African-American farmers finally had to sell their land to pay off debts, thus losing the land which they had developed by hard, personal labor.[42]. The majority of blacks left the Southern Baptist Church, sharply reducing its membership. In those years, planters considered their slaves too valuable to hire out for such dangerous work. In the early 20th century, there were still few schools in rural areas, particularly for black children. The state mammal is the white-tailed deer and the state water mammal is the bottle-nosed dolphin. When cotton was king during the 1850s, Mississippi plantation owners—especially those of the Delta and Black Belt central regions—became wealthy due to the high fertility of the soil, the high price of cotton on the international market, and free labor gained through their holding enslaved African Americans. Unlike the federal government, but like many other U.S. States, most of the heads of major executive departments are elected by the citizens of Mississippi rather than appointed by the governor. Most migrants from Mississippi took trains directly north to Chicago and often settled near former neighbors. Often funding declined for the public schools. By 1860, the enslaved African-American population numbered 436,631 or 55% of the state's total of 791,305 persons.

Even as more European women joined the settlements, the men had interracial unions among women of African descent (and increasingly, multiracial descent), both before and after marriages to European women. II, Treaties", "US Southern Colonies Spanish La Florida WEST", "1826 Refusal of Chickasaws and Choctaws", "The Church in the Southern Black Community", "The Louisville Leader. The retail sales tax rate in Mississippi is 7%. By 1910, a majority of black farmers in the Delta had lost their land and become sharecroppers. [50] Mississippi became a dry state in 1908 by an act of the State legislature. Gambling towns in Mississippi have attracted increased tourism: they include the Gulf Coast resort towns of Bay St. Louis, Gulfport and Biloxi, and the Mississippi River towns of Tunica (the third largest gaming area in the United States), Greenville, Vicksburg and Natchez. Source:, image:

On January 9, 1861, Mississippi became the second state to declare its secession from the Union, and it was one of the founding members of the Confederate States.

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